Stacked Barplot

A function to conveniently plot stacked bar plots in matplotlib using pandas DataFrames.

from mlxtend.general_plotting import category_scatter


A matplotlib convenience function for creating barplots from DataFrames where each sample is associated with several categories.


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Example 1 - Stacked Barplot from Pandas DataFrames

import pandas as pd

s1 = [1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0]
s2 = [1.4, 2.1, 2.9, 5.1]
s3 = [1.9, 2.2, 3.5, 4.1]
s4 = [1.4, 2.5, 3.5, 4.2]
data = [s1, s2, s3, s4]

df = pd.DataFrame(data, columns=['X1', 'X2', 'X3', 'X4'])
df.columns = ['X1', 'X2', 'X3', 'X4']
df.index = ['Sample1', 'Sample2', 'Sample3', 'Sample4']
X1 X2 X3 X4
Sample1 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0
Sample2 1.4 2.1 2.9 5.1
Sample3 1.9 2.2 3.5 4.1
Sample4 1.4 2.5 3.5 4.2

By default, the index of the DataFrame is used as column labels, and the DataFrame columns are used for the plot legend.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from mlxtend.plotting import stacked_barplot

fig = stacked_barplot(df, rotation=45, legend_loc='best')



stacked_barplot(df, bar_width='auto', colors='bgrcky', labels='index', rotation=90, legend_loc='best')

Function to plot stacked barplots


  • df : pandas.DataFrame

    A pandas DataFrame where the index denotes the x-axis labels, and the columns contain the different measurements for each row. bar_width: 'auto' or float (default: 'auto') Parameter to set the widths of the bars. if 'auto', the width is automatically determined by the number of columns in the dataset. colors: str (default: 'bgrcky') The colors of the bars. labels: 'index' or iterable (default: 'index') If 'index', the DataFrame index will be used as x-tick labels. rotation: int (default: 90) Parameter to rotate the x-axis labels.

  • legend_loc : str (default: 'best')

    Location of the plot legend {best, upper left, upper right, lower left, lower right} No legend if legend_loc=False


  • fig : matplotlib.pyplot figure object